adulterate


adulterate
adulterate, sophisticate, load, weight, doctor mean to alter fraudulently especially for profit.
Adulterate, the usual and technical term, especially when used with reference to foodstuffs and drugs, implies either the admixture of ingredients of similar appearance to increase the bulk or of a harmful substance as a preservative or as a restorer or improver of appearance
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adulterate maple syrup with beet-sugar syrup

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lime juice adulterated with five percent sulfuric acid, jellies with formaldehyde, peas with copper— Heiser

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In its extended use adulterate implies spuriousness or loss of purity; such implications come out strongly in unadulterated, which is the equivalent of pure and sheer in their hyperbolic senses
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that book is unadulterated trash

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In meaning sophisticate is essentially identical with adulterate but its use is restricted almost entirely to raw drug and essential oil trade
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rose oil is sophisticated with geraniol— Shreve

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Load implies the admixture of something to add weight whether as an adulterant or in the normal course of manufacture
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numerous adulterants have been used to load tea to increase its weight— Ukers

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most kinds of paper are loaded in some way or other . . . . The process . . . was first practiced . . . to save pulp . . . but it was found that restricted quantities of loadings improved the paperJennett

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Weight is used interchangeably with load but is applied more especially to textiles
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silk weighted with salts of tin

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Doctor implies tampering sometimes by adulteration but more often by alterations or falsifications which give an illusion of genuineness, of superior quality, or of great value
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doctoring poor wine with essences and brandy

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doctored his accounts to hide his thefts

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Analogous words: *debase, vitiate, corrupt: pollute, defile, taint (see CONTAMINATE)
Antonyms: refine (sugar, oil)
Contrasted words: *improve, better

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • adulterate — adul·ter·ate /ə dəl tə ˌrāt/ vt at·ed, at·ing: to corrupt, debase, or make impure by the addition of a foreign or inferior substance or element; esp: to prepare for sale by omitting a valuable ingredient or by replacing more valuable ingredients… …   Law dictionary

  • Adulterate — A*dul ter*ate, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Adulterated}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Adulterating}.] [L. adulteratus, p. p. of adulterare, fr. adulter adulterer, prob. fr. ad + alter other, properly one who approaches another on account of unlawful love. Cf.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Adulterate — A*dul ter*ate, v. i. To commit adultery. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Adulterate — A*dul ter*ate, a. 1. Tainted with adultery. [1913 Webster] 2. Debased by the admixture of a foreign substance; adulterated; spurious. [1913 Webster] {A*dul ter*ate*ly}, adv. {A*dul ter*ate*ness}, n. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adulterate — (v.) 1530s, back formation from adulteration, or else from L. adulteratus, pp. of adulterare to falsify, corrupt, also to commit adultery (see ADULTERATION (Cf. adulteration)). Earlier verb was adulter (late 14c.). Related: Adulterated;… …   Etymology dictionary

  • adulterate — [v] alter or debase, often for profit alloy, amalgamate, attenuate, blend, cheapen, commingle, contaminate, cook, corrupt, cut*, defile, degrade, denature, depreciate, deteriorate, devalue, dilute, dissolve, doctor*, doctor up*, falsify, impair,… …   New thesaurus

  • adulterate — ► VERB ▪ make poorer in quality by adding another substance. DERIVATIVES adulterant adjective adulteration noun. ORIGIN Latin adulterare to corrupt …   English terms dictionary

  • adulterate — [ə dul′tər āt΄; ] for adj. [, ə dul′tər it] vt. adulterated, adulterating [< L adulteratus, pp. of adulterare, to falsify < adulter, an adulterer, counterfeiter < ad , to + alter, other, another] to make inferior, impure, not genuine,… …   English World dictionary

  • adulterate — UK [əˈdʌltəreɪt] / US [əˈdʌltəˌreɪt] verb [transitive] Word forms adulterate : present tense I/you/we/they adulterate he/she/it adulterates present participle adulterating past tense adulterated past participle adulterated to make a substance… …   English dictionary

  • adulterate — adulterator, n. v. /euh dul teuh rayt /; adj. /euh dul teuhr it, teuh rayt /, v., adulterated, adulterating, adj. v.t. 1. to debase or make impure by adding inferior materials or elements; use cheaper, inferior, or less desirable goods in the… …   Universalium


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